Originality of the research


  • ACAP and CN as points of entry to highlight the knowledge-base, capacities and mechanisms that favour innovation


  • Horizontal and vertical CN
  • Successful and non-successful innovation projects
  • Traditional and creative industries
  • France (top-down) and UK (market-driven clusters)


  • Maturity grid + Organising tool

Any other criteria to contrast our cases?

  • International comparisons:
  • image3
  • SMEs comparisons:
  • tableau acic.png

ACAP modeling tool

All internal actors of a process use the serious role-playing simulation/modelisation tool in order to collectively elaborate the description of their activities.


ISEA Method is based on the traditional BPM life cycle, but introduces four original phases: Identification, Simulation, Evaluation, Amelioration.


It is a collaborative BPM method which incorporates a serious role-playing simulation game. A Collaborative Approach defined and designed using user-centered experiments. ISEA method is particularly useful for existing business processes.

Research questions

How can we improve our understanding of the knowledge-base, capacities and mechanisms of ACAP of SMEs embedded in different contexts?


RQ1: How can ACAP be characterised? (WP1 – logo_cerag)

  • Which and what type of knowledge (IOK)
  • Organisational and digital capabilities
  • Type of context (country, cluster governance)

RQ2: How can ACAP be measured? (WP2 – gscop)

  • Scale of measure
  • Criteria to develop a maturity grid
  • Indicators of ACAP maturity

RQ3: How can ACAP be organised and applied by practitioners? (WP3 – lig)

  • Languages to model the absorption process
  • Adaptation of ISEA to the context of innovation projects
  • Methods and tools to integrate the characterisation and measure of ACAP


Key concepts: Collaborative Network

A Collaborative Network is an arrangement of autonomous or semi-autonomous business entities that work collaboratively, through upstream and downstream links, to support the different processes and activities required to produce goods or services for customers (Lin and Shaw, 1998). The formation of a collaborative arrangement requires CN members have access to both internal and external knowledge resources (Grant, 1997). CN structures differ markedly according to the characteristics of the product supplied and the type of business sector served. (A. Lyons, 2013)